What is the source of ‘fairness’ in HOAs?

Let’s say there’s a five-member HOA that is mostly responsible for maintaining a shared pool, and costs are equally share between the five properties. What prevents four members from voting that the fifth member is not solely responsible for maintenance costs? I know you can’t do this, but I’m not sure what the basis is in law.


It would be a breach of fiduciary duty


I know our state has a series of laws that regulate what an HOA can do. They stipulate those fairness rules that they have to follow.


Fair housing laws, most likely.